What is Filecoin (FIL)? A complete Beginners Guide

Author : Edith Reads
Last updated : 25/09/2023

Do you want to learn more about Filecoin? Are you curious about how it works and the advantages it provides? In this article, we’ll cover everything you need to know about Filecoin, from how it works to the different ways it can be used.

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Filecoin (FIL), a decentralized storage network, is revolutionizing the way digital data is stored and accessed. Built on blockchain technology, Filecoin allows users to store files securely, access them from multiple locations, and transact with each other without relying on third-party intermediaries. With its efficient market structure, low transaction costs and commitment to ethical finance, Filecoin is an innovative and powerful solution for businesses seeking to leverage the power of blockchain technology. But, what really is Filecoin? How does it work? And what else should you know? Let’s answer these, and more!

What Is Filecoin (FIL)?

Filecoin is a peer-to-peer file storage network having a built-in financial incentives program to assure reliable file storage. Users pay storage providers for keeping their data safe and secure. Anyone may join Filecoin’s blockchain to store files or earn money storing data for others. Since the network is decentralized, it allows anybody to engage in open file storage and retrieval marketplaces.Filecoin

Filecoin is both a blockchain and a native crypto coin (FIL). File storage machines earn FIL units as a reward. In addition to maintaining Proof from storage providers for storing files accurately, the blockchain records transactions for transmitting and receiving FIL.

Filecoin came in through the initial coin offering (ICO) held by Protocol Labs in 2017. Juan Benet (Interplanetary File System developer) is the brain behind its origin. The Filecoin system effectively leases out additional storage spaces employing native coins to facilitate the trades.

The scarcity of storage capacity is the primary factor that drives Filecoin’s value. Undoubtedly, the ability to store and retrieve data has become critical in today’s world (at least online). One can imagine the amount of data, coding, and information is required to operate even a single website.

Unlike the lion’s share of “the cloud” controlled by large-scale data storage players, Filecoin’s data storage network enables extra storage at reduced pricing.

How Does Filecoin (FIL) Work?

Filecoin lacks a central hub. That means it doesn’t store data on a central server. Instead, it stores data on users’ PCs. The Filecoin network has introduced the world to a new storage industry. The network comprises a few groups, including clientele base storage and retrieval miners. While storage miners store clientele data anticipating rewards, retrieval miners help retrieve clients’ data when needed.

The Filecoin network offers an HDD storage market where users or clients may bid on storage given by miners. People might select HDD storage capacities after assessing their dependability and prices. The term market reflects the ability of people to submit bids and ask for prices.

To ensure that miners save the data reliably, Filecoin uses two processes called proofs, including Proof of Replication (PoRep) and Proof of Spacetime (PoSt).

While PoRep verifies that miners have saved the data they claim to have, PoSt verifies that miners held data over a specific period.

What is the Purpose of Filecoin?

Filecoin provides a solution to the ever-increasing demand for large-scale, redundant, and readily accessible data storage. Moreover, it helps to level the playing field between small competitors and large corporations in the cloud storage space.

Filecoin’s underlying technology offers novel features that make it an attractive option for those looking for a secure, cost-effective way to store large volumes of data with reliable access times. On the other hand, its peer-to-peer nature helps reduce pricey infrastructure costs that can plague larger businesses.

Furthermore, its open marketplace design makes it easy for customers to find providers who meet their requirements in terms of quality, availability and pricing. In short, Filecoin is designed to give people access to a cost-efficient form of storage while also making sure data remains secure and readily available anytime needed.

Filecoin’s Blockchain Technology

Filecoin is a distributed storage network powered by a blockchain protocol. The Filecoin protocol provides an economic model that incentivizes people to join the network and store data securely, accurately, and cost-effectively. Filecoin’s protocol allows users to securely rent out unused hard drive space in exchange for payment in its native token, FIL.

Filecoin has developed an implementation of the InterPlanetary File System (IPFS), which is a peer-to-peer content-addressable distributed file system, which makes it possible to store large amounts of data across a global decentralized computer network without any centralized servers or access points. Additionally, Filecoin’s consensus algorithm is based on Proof-of-Replication (PoRep) and Proof-of-Spacetime (PoSt). This consensus algorithm allows users to prove that they are storing the data they claim to be storing, as well as enables miners to mine blocks with higher rewards for those who are more consistent about hosting data over time.

How to Mine Filecoin

  1. Purchase an ASIC or GPU miner compatible with the Filecoin protocol: ASIC and GPU miners are purpose-built hardware devices that are designed to mine certain types of cryptocurrency, including Filecoin. Before purchasing a miner, you should research what type of miner is best for your needs and budget.
  2. Download and install the official Go-Filecoin client: The Go-Filecoin client is the official software application used to interact with the Filecoin network. You can download it from its GitHub repository and once it is installed, you will be able to configure your mining settings using its user interface.
  3. Join a mining pool: A mining pool is essentially a group of miners that join forces in order to increase their chances of successfully finding blocks and earning rewards. By joining a mining pool, you will be able to combine your hashrate with other miners in order to significantly increase your chances of earning rewards on the Filecoin network.
  4. Purchase FIL tokens in order to pay miners’ fees and participate in the network: In addition to purchasing ASIC or GPU miners, you will also need to purchase FIL tokens in order to pay for the fees associated with participating in the Filecoin network as well as being able to earn rewards for successfully finding blocks on the network.
  5. Configure your miner using the Go-Filecoin client and start mining: Once you have purchased an ASIC or GPU miner, downloaded and installed the official Go-Filecoin client, joined a mining pool, and purchased FIL tokens, all that’s left is to configure your miner using the Go-Filecoin client’s user interface and start mining Filecoin!

How to Buy Filecoin

Find an exchange or service provider: Before you can purchase Filecoin (FIL) tokens, you will need to find an exchange or service provider that supports the buying and selling of the token, like the eToro trading broker and Coinbase crypto exchange.

Sign up and verify your account with the exchange/service provider: Once you have chosen an exchange or service provider to buy from, you will need to sign up and verify your account before you can purchase FIL tokens. This process may involve providing personal details like your full name, address, contact information, proof of identity, and/or proof of residency document(s).

Deposit funds into your account: Depending on the chosen exchange or service provider, you may be able to deposit funds into your account using cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Tether (USDT), among others. Alternatively, some exchanges may offer fiat currency support which would allow you to buy Filecoin directly using major currencies like USD, EUR, GBP, etc.

Buy Filecoin through the exchange/service provider: Once your account is set up and funded with deposits from fiat currency or cryptocurrencies as applicable, you will then be able to buy FIL tokens through the exchange or service provider according to its trading fee structure.

Transfer your purchased Filecoin to a secure wallet: It is strongly recommended that you transfer any purchased Filecoin away from their respective exchanges or service providers into a secure wallet, like the eToro wallet, that provides multi-signature security functions.

How Is Filecoin Used?

HODL as a speculative asset

Many people in the Filecoin community believe that FIL coin prices will eventually increase by many folds, so they anticipate buying them cheap and holding until their value skyrockets. No doubt, it is one of the best methods to use your Filecoins.

Day Trade FIL Coins

You can also trade your FIL coins on different top crypto exchanges and brokerage firms as a day trader. However, day trading is known to have a higher degree of risk and might not fit everyone’s risk appetite. Not to mention, you can always hire professional fund managers or join a social trading platform to replicate the winning trades of other professional traders.

Payment For Goods & Services

Filecoin is relatively new to the industry and might not be available worldwide as a supported payment method. However, some merchant stores nearby and online websites may still accept Filecoin as a payment method and allow you to shop, dine, and entertain.

Make a Donation

Cryptocurrency donations are becoming increasingly popular among charitable groups, both public and private. You might contribute your FIL coins to these charities.


Filecoin (FIL) is proving to be an innovative storage solution that offers users advanced security features and tokenomics that are beneficial to all stakeholders. Its distributed ledger technology enables decreased transaction costs and faster processing of data, while its self-governing structure creates a secure network that rewards users for their participation. Filecoin is suitable for both individuals and businesses looking to leverage the power of blockchain technology in order to store data securely and cost-effectively. Check it out today!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Filecoin (FIL) Token Price is 6.62 USD2 (Price updates hourly)!

Filecoin is designed to be used as a decentralized storage network and allows users to store, retrieve, lease and trade digital data securely, quickly and cost-effectively. The tokenomics of Filecoin also enables developers to build applications that use the platform’s API and SDKs in order to create innovative products and services on top of it.

Filecoin (FIL) is proving to be an innovative storage solution that offers users advanced security features and tokenomics that are beneficial to all stakeholders. With its distributed ledger technology, decreased transaction costs, faster processing of data, and self-governing structure, Filecoin is certainly a good crypto for both individuals and businesses looking to leverage the power of blockchain technology.

Filecoin is essential because it provides users with a secure, reliable, cost-effective way to store, retrieve, lease, and trade digital data. In addition, the platform offers developers API and SDKs for creating new applications on top of it. Furthermore, Filecoin’s commitment to ethical finance ensures that user privacy remains a priority throughout the system.

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